Mark Turski's Bookmarks

Yes, they are organized in a manner only i can understand. That way you have to look through them ALL!

The Web & Plagiarism

Avoiding Plagiarism - Purdue University's site - it is very good. If you are only going to read one, read this one.

What is plagiarism?
Plagiarism: a misplaced emphasis
Information for Would-Be Cheaters

Controversial Issues
This group of links is a smattering of what you can find on the web that deal with environmental issues, most of which are controversial to someone somewhere.

On the Cutting Edge - This a a website for professional development for geoscience faculty. It is where I "steal" many of my ideas for tormenting my students. It is very appropriate for students to look at these pages.

Cooperative Controversies - from UVA.

SERC - The Science Education Resource Center (SERC) works to improve education through projects that support educators. Although our work has a particular emphasis on undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education, we work with educators across a broad range of disciplines and at all educational levels. This site is loaded with the types of activities and issues we deal with in my classes.

The National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
- SUNY Buffalo

Alamo Colleges - a list of controversial topics with resources for each.

The Earth Portal - see below - hmmm maybe the fact that he listed this one twice means it could be important.

Yale 360 - Opinion, Analysis, Reporting and Debate - Yale Environment 360 is a publication of the Yale School of Forestry& Environmental Studies. These five words - Opinion, Analysis, Reporting and Debate - are essential to becoming knowledgeable on a subject. You don't have to agree, but you need to be informed by BOTH sides.

TEACHING CRITICAL THINKING:The Believing Game & the Doubting Game
- If you read and do what is in this essay by Alan Shapiro you'll probably get arrested in Plymouth or figure out how not to get arrested. I'll probably get a letter in my "Permanent Record" for even suggesting such heresy!

The Environmental Protection Agency
- the government agency everyone loves to hate ;-) but they have a great site.

Sierra Club -  "Since 1892, the Sierra Club has been working to protect communities, wild places, and the planet itself." I know many who would disagree but their environmental education section is an excellent resource.

Global Issues - Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Issues That Affect Us All

Gems and the Environment -  is a project of Saleem H. Ali, Ph.D. and Sally Dickinson DeLeon conducted with generous support from The Tiffany & Co. Foundation and several research collaborators. Yes, this is the link you did NOT write down in class.

Earth System Science

these links should give you plenty of information to start projects or papers.

PSU's ESSEA courses - these are a work in progress - very slow progress
All science classes need MATH - here are two links to help you out
   The Math You Need, When You Need It - The Math You Need, When You Need It modules cover quantitative topics that are important in introductory geoscience courses.
    Teaching Quantitative Skills in the Geosciences - Quantitative skills are an essential tool for both the geoscientist and the citizen. Helping students master skills ranging from simple arithmetic or graphing, to sophisticated use of equations and models is an integral aspect of teaching geoscience at the undergraduate level. This website provides information on the issues involved in teaching quantitative literacy, reasoning, and skills and methods for doing so as well as additional resources and a community of other faculty who are all attempting this challenging task.

       University of Central Michigan - best all around earth systems science links page

American Geological Institute - The AGI Education Department has created a comprehensive portfolio of geoscience educational materials and resources for students and teachers — from kindergarten to high school and beyond.

The Investigating Earth Systems (IES) is a standards-based, Earth science curriculum for the middle grades (6th-8th grades) developed by the American Geological Institute (AGI) in association with It's About Time Publishing. Field tested and content reviewed, IES is part of AGI's ongoing efforts at implementing effective Earth science education reform. AGI recognizes the need for students in the middle grades to have a solid understanding of the world they live in. IES was developed with generous support from the National Science Foundation (NSF), AGI Foundation and Chevron Corporation.

The Earth Portal - "The Earth Portal is a comprehensive resource for timely, objective, science-based information about the environment. It is a means for the global scientific community to come together to produce the first free, expert-driven, massively scalable information resource on the environment, and to engage civil society in a public dialogue on the role of environmental issues in human affairs. It contains no commercial advertising and reaches a large global audience.
The Earth Portal has three components:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Earth, with over 2,000 articles, is produced and reviewed by 700 scholars from 46 countries.
  2. The EarthForum provides commentary from scholars and discussions with the general public.
  3. The EarthNews offers news stories on environmental issues drawn from many sources."

The Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) is a distributed community effort involving educators, students, and scientists working together to improve the quality, quantity, and efficiency of teaching and learning about the Earth system at all levels.

You will love their Teaching Boxes. "Teaching boxes are classroom-ready instructional units created by collaboration between teachers, scientists, and designers. Each box helps to bridge the gap between educational resources and how to implement them in the classroom. The Teaching Boxes contain materials that model scientific inquiry, allowing teachers to build classroom experiences around data collection and analysis from multiple lines of evidence, and engaging students in the process of science. - focusing on gathering and analyzing scientific evidence. All educators may use DLESE Teaching Boxes free of charge." (DLESE)

Exploring the Environment - a series of PBLs on environmental issues. Teachers DON'T reinvent the wheel. While this site's grant has expired and some links are dead, the material is great.

Environmental Science Activities for the 21st Century (ESA21) Project - Teachers DON'T reinvent the wheel. It is sites like this that make unit planning important and writing lessons grunt work. Students this site is loaded with things to help you do projects for my courses.

 REAL EARTH SYSTEMS SCIENCE & VIRTUALFIELDWORK.ORG - ReaL Earth System Science is a project of the Paleontological Research Institution and its Museum of the Earth that helps teachers teach Regional and Local Earth system science using an inquiry approach.  The project is grounded in the idea of using the local environment to understand the global environment. 

This web site of Steve Reynolds, geology professor at Arizona State University, contains numerous color photographs, 3D perspectives, and information about the Geology of Arizona, Landscapes of the Southwest, structural geology, science-education reform, and using Bryce5 to illustrate geology. You should come here for visuals.

Space Available - This NASA site Learning from Satellites is a great place to get visualizations for ESS courses.

This Space Available

The Habitable Planet is a multimedia course for high school teachers and adult learners interested in studying environmental science. The Web site provides access to course content and activities developed by leading scientists and researchers in the field.

The GLOBE Program (Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment) is a worldwide hands-on, primary and secondary school-based science and education program. GLOBE's vision promotes and supports students, teachers and scientists to collaborate on inquiry-based investigations of the environment and the Earth system working in close partnership with NASA and NSF Earth System Science Projects (ESSPs) in study and research about the dynamics of Earth's environment.

USRA, (Universities Space Research Association) through our research institutes and centers, supports outreach programs developed for students K-12, high school, undergraduate and graduate, and postgraduate, professionals, educators, and the public. Information about each of our education programs, with links to their web sites, is provided below.

The NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), at Columbia University in New York City, is a laboratory of the Earth Sciences Division of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and a unit of the Columbia University Earth Institute. Research at GISS emphasizes a broad study of global climate change.

GISS Intitute on Climate and Planets developed learning modules and tools designed for guided science inquiry. They are based upon real world climate and environmental research conducted by teams of scientists, teachers and students, and create a setting for interdisciplinary learning. Yes, if you have Planetary Science you should look here.

Energy - Power up with these links

What you need to know about energy - As debates about energy grow more intense, Americans need dependable, objective, and authoritative energy information. The National Academies, advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine, provide the facts about energy—a complex issue that affects us as individuals and as a nation.

Katie West's Corner - Katie (who teaches health ed) took an ESSEA course and is contributing to the next generation of ESS students. I will add sphere activities as Katie gives them to me.


Possible Topics of Land/Lithosphere Activities:

  • Volcanoes
  • Earth Quakes
  • Rocks and Minerals
  • Soil
  • Stalactites & Stalagmites
  • Layers of the Earth
  • Mountain Formation

Some cool activities!  A great middle school lesson about continental movement and volcano formation that is already aligned to national science standards.  Uses everyday materials… but you need a heat source.  Should be able to do this in one class period.  US Geological Survey teacher’s page… this is filled with info and lesson ideas.  Check out the great unit on volcanoes and some of the activities.  You might need more than one class period, depending on the background knowledge of your students and the particular activity.  Earthquakes & candy! Use this activity to help students understand rock and fossil formation.  Make sure you check with your school’s Wellness Policy before you let the kids eat their science activity materials.  This lesson comes with a clear procedure and expected student outcomes.  An upper-elementary or middle school lesson on rocks and minerals and what makes up the earth’s crust.  You need marbles for this one!  This site has crossword puzzles, pictures of rocks and minerals and lots more info on rocks and minerals.  


USGS ESIC Earth Science Inform

The Department of the Interior

The National Park Service
        New Hampshire Earth Science information



PSU Weather Center
National Weather Service Welcome

water resources

Bankfull width - info for your river study
NH Rivers Management & Protection Program
Water Quality Information Center
Water Quality Server
Water Quality
USGS Real-Time Water Data
Trail Description River Trail
Pemigewasset Stream flow at - YES - you need this for your River Study Lab!
New at SWCS
Hydrograph and station descript

volcanoes & earthquakes

Yellowstone Volcanoes
EQIIS-earthquake images
USGS National Earthquake Inform
USGS data and information on ac
USGS Latest Earthquake Informa
NEIC Current Seismicity Unite
MTU Volcanoes Page


Physics Education Technology - University of Colorado - lots of good simulations - check out the Blackbody simulation
How to Use AJ's Cosmic Thing
The Astrobiology Web
Delta Launch Vehicle
NASA Image eXchange (NIX)
SpaceViews: The Online Publication of Space Exploration
The Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Grade Three Science - The Solar
Orion Nebula Mosaic and Protopl
HST Images by Subject
Astronomy Education Links

Educational Resources

UBD stuff
Understanding by Design (UBD) this also includes Earth Science by Design (ESBD) - pretty cleva i'd say. Folks please realize that there are multiple ways to do a UBD unit. It is not a linear procedure. It is a way of thinking much like the "Scientific Method" is a simplistic linear way of describing a "rich" variety of scientific methodologies which do not fit nicely into standardized testing.

This link is from the Digital Literarcy Website and has an interactive UBD template that can be filled out online. Thanks to Tara for this one.

Here are some links:
The Cheney Kansas School district

The Hamilton County, Tenn. school district click the 2005-06 link. I'd like to compliment the teachers who put their work up with the suggested corrections and the questions that the reviewers of their units noted. I find this rare but extremely useful because it takes guts for the world to see the edits you need to make before it is accepted by (_______?) outside reviewers. But I hate that kitten!

Here is the State of Texas page. This is a great guide for UBD. Print it out

Ignore the things specific for TX unless you are planning to move there. But the good thing about being a rich oil state, that is sucking money out of us poor new hampsterites, is that they have plenty of money to put up a great set of science links. Use these links and save your money to heat your house to a balmy 18 degrees C, while they (people from Texass) complain about the cost of cooling their homes to 19 C in the summer and warming them to 21C in the winter. Just think; a group of illegal immigrants and terrorists who moved to Mexico now run our lives. Who'd have thunk it! We should never have let them join the Union!

Now not all of these would be considered "high*" quality by outside reviewers, but I think this one is, and yes i hate to admit it but it is biological. I think i could do it for the life cycle of a rock though ;-) My interpretation is that it is the first iteration of UBD (no GRASP)

*Michael Jordan's first hit was in AA ball but i'll bet he considers it "high" quality!

This is from the UBD web site and a webpage of UBD links.

Kathy Schrock's Guide for Educators

The Nature of Science - Prepared by Kirsten Wilkinson

This is a great site for teachers and students developed by the University of California Museum of Paleontology. The site is about evolution and the nature of science and is divided into “learning” and “teaching” segments. The navigation is very good and in my investigation, all the links worked. The nature of science content is concise, but covers all topics in easy language. It addresses misconceptions including what science is not. There are numerous lesson plans for grades K-12 and clear, simple content. The site development was supported by the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. It was copyrighted 2006 and allows you to contact the developers by email.

This site is an online text titles Science for All Americans (copyright 1990) from the American Association for the Advancement of Science and Project 2061, a well respected science-education working group. The Nature of Science chapter in this text has very thorough content, but I found the writing to be rather challenging, especially in a text meant “…for All Americans”. The layout is simple, unadorned text with the full chapter on a single page. There are “back to the top” buttons with no internal links or hyperlinks. At the top of the page there are links to the Table of Contents and to the Project 2061 home page. The full online text includes chapters on the nature of mathematics and the nature of technology, historical perspectives, effective learning and teaching, and reforming education.

This site is primarily about teaching evolution, with a nature of science component. It is an online text by the National Academy of Sciences, published by National Academy Press, copyright 1998. It reads like a book, with a chapter about evolution and the nature of science. Topics on the nature of science are illustrated with historical scientific events and discoveries. There is one lesson plan on teaching the nature of science and several on evolution and natural selection. There is a list of credits with names and educational institutions of the working group that developed the site, as well as a link to

This site is a collection of lesson plans for biology teachers from the Evolution and the Nature of Science Institutes offering topics including the Nature of Science, the Origin of Life, Evolution, and Genetics and DNA. It is sponsored by the National Science Foundation and developed and maintained by a panel of science educators. The navigation is good, the lesson plans all include links to documents or further materials you might need. They are quite complete with suggestions for introducing topics as well as expanding them. There is opportunity for feedback to rate the site, report problems or ask for help.

Welcome to AskERIC
Welcome to UCMuseum of Paleontology!

General Education Information

Pseudoscience/Paranormal/Skepticism Home Page for PHY105

Grading, Assessing, and Evaluating Student Work
K-12: Table of Contents
Education World (tm) Where Educators Go To Learn

SciCentral: Gateway to the Best Science and Engineering Online Resources

Science Education Associations Home Page
Electronic Journal of Science Education
American School Directory

Education World (tm) Education News
On-line courses in Global Sustainability
Electronic Journal of Science Education
The World Lecture Hall
Testbed for Telecollaboration

NH resources
The NH Science Teachers Association
The New Hampshire Preservice Education Review Project

Evergreen curriculum

Elementary Science Using This Curriculum Guide
1.Elementary Science Using This C
2.Evergreen Elementary Science Cu
Dimensions of Scientific Litera

Thanks to Katherine Pingree for the these:
The following is the link to the Science on a Sphere plate tectonics through history animation: It doesn't begin at Pangaea but it shows a significant portion of the continent drift seen throughout the history of Earth. There are numerous other pictures and animations available online at and the Science on a Sphere homepage is

Some ESS links that come from the NESTA newsletter


1) NATURAL HAZARDS GATEWAY, USGS, (suggested by Cher Cunningham, Science Information and Education Office, USGS), The Natural Hazards Gateway provides a one-stop shop for information related to seven natural disasters and shows how USGS science helps mitigate disasters and build resilient communities.

2) Chocolate Chip (Cookie) Mining, (suggested by Stacy DeVeau), Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Prescott, AZ), Chocoloate Chip (Cookie) Mining is a great activity! Students are challenged with excavating chips from cookies. Chips = $, but mining materials cost $ as well. And the ‘land’ cannot be ‘repaired’ post-excavation. There are several versions of the activity online. You can just give the kids a budget without having to deal with the play money. It’s fun and challenging, and hey, it’s COOKIES!

3) THE NATIONAL ATLAS PRINTABLE MAPS, (suggested by Liz Colvard, Science Information and Education, USGS), Do you need a simple prepared map that you can print at home, at school, or in the office? The National Atlas has a large selection of free maps that are already formatted to be viewed, downloaded, or printed on 8.5" x 11" paper. Topics include Federal Lands and Indian Reservations, Precipitation, Territorial Acquisitions, and Presidential Elections. The assorted Reference and Outline maps for the United States are particularly good for classroom use.

4) MAPS: FINDING OUR PLACE IN THE WORLD, Field Museum, (suggested by [KMG] Scout Report), How do we find our way through the world, geographically speaking? Do we all carry around a type of "mental map" in our head, formed through experience and repetition? Some would say yes, some would beg to differ. Maps remain a powerful way to represent the world in all its spatial glory, and this online exhibit from The Field Museum explores the history of maps and their history over the millennia. Designed to complement an ongoing exhibition at the Museum, the site includes a photo gallery, information about the participating institutions, and about researchers at the Museum who use maps and mapping technology in their own work. The interactive feature is definitely worth a look, as visitors can examine two dozen different maps in detail from Chicago to the Marshall Islands. One can imagine that this remarkable site could also be used in classrooms to expose students to the wide variety of maps that have been created by human hands.


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1)      Infusing Geology into Sea Turtle Conservation: A Continental Perspective of a Coastal Program,*/ /*SCISTP,*/ /*(suggested by Gale A. Bishop, Emeritus Professor of Geology Georgia Southern University), Seven species of extant, endangered sea turtles are useful in assessing health of the world oceans and continents.  The St, Catherine's Island Sea Turtle Conservation Program, in its 18th year of operation, integrates "/Conservation, Research, and Education/" in conservation of endangered Georgia loggerhead sea turtle (/Caretta caretta /Linneaus 1758) nests. The SCISTP web site, (, describes the Program from the perspective of an Earth Scientist, documenting the many aspects of Earth Systems Science used in the conservation of sea turtles.  The Program (by 2007) had conserved 1,947 nests, put 114,907 hatchlings into the sea, taught 216 interns, 193 of whom are K-12 teachers who have impacted over 220,531 school children in conservation education.  Outcomes have included 11 Internet products, 5 exhibits, 18 publications, and 53 presentations, including the first description of a fossilized sea turtle nest (preserved in the Cretaceous rocks of Colorado).

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1) TODAY'S WORST WEATHER®, Accuweather, tired of students complaining about the weather? It could be worse…this site “depicts an area of the U.S.A. with the most unpleasant or miserable weather conditions of the day. Within that area, artists create a cartoon based on an interesting, unusual place name*__*


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1) Celestial Sphere, Jeff Callister, (suggested by Charles Burrows), this .pdf download is useful for students to track varying sunrise/sunset directions and changing sun height throughout the year.

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1) Audio Glossary of Earth Science terms, Pearson, (suggested by Charles Burrows), Hear pronunciations and descriptions for hundreds of terms.

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2) *SCIENCE **OF COOKING: TURKEY, Exploratorium,* How long do you cook your turkey? Since a 20-pound turkey is twice the size of a 10-pound bird, at first the answer might seem obvious: simply double the cooking time suggested for a 10-pound turkey. But is that really the right thing to do? Find out as you explore the physics of cooking. <>

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1) FULL MOON LIBRATION, PixHeaven, (suggested by Chad Wiekierak), Animated Loop of 12 full moons. The images will also stimulate discussion of how the same side of the moon always faces the earth.

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1) COLORFUL CONVECTION CURRENTS, Steve Spangler, “This activity demonstrates convection currents in a very colorful” fashion.

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a) Stellarium, (suggested by Jim Hensel, retired from Williamsville North, NY), Stellarium is a free open source planetarium for your computer. It shows a realistic sky in 3D, just like what you see with the naked eye, binoculars or a telescope.

b) TrainCLIM, International Global Change Institute, (suggested by Peter Urich, International Global Change Institute), Discover this software tool for the teaching of climate change concepts and the real world implications of climate change for local areas and societies. A free demonstration version is available to course coordinators. Sample exercises are also available. The software includes thoroughly tested and widely used climate and sea level scenario generators, extreme event analysis tools and impact models for evaluating things like drought and water supply and malaria and dengue fever epidemic potential. The software can be used in all levels of education, from high school to university. Email Dr. Peter Urich at the International Global Change Institute located in Hamilton, New Zealand at to acquire a link to the download site (file size 45.5 MB).

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1) Conversion Units Jokes, (suggested by Jeff Callister, retired earth science teacher from Newburgh Free Academy), For all who have difficulty converting units:

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Ratio of an igloo's circumference to its diameter = Eskimo Pi
2000 pounds of Chinese soup = Won ton
1 millionth of a mouthwash = 1 microscope
Time between slipping on a peel and smacking the pavement = 1 bananosecond
Weight an evangelist carries with God = 1 billigram
Time it takes to sail 220 yards at 1 nautical mile per hour = Knotfurlong
16.5 feet in the Twilight Zone = 1 Rod Serling
Half of a large intestine = 1 semicolon
1,000,000 aches = 1 megahurtz
Basic unit of laryngitis = 1 hoarsepower
Shortest distance between two jokes = A straight line
453.6 graham crackers = 1 pound cake
1 million- microphones = 1 megaphone
2 million bicycles = 2 megacycles
365.25 days = 1 unicycle
2000 mockingbirds = 2 kilomockingbirds
52 cards = 1 decacards
1 kilogram of falling figs = 1 Fig Newton
1000 milliliters of wet socks = 1 literhosen
1 millionth of a fish = 1 microfiche
1 trillion pins = 1 terrapin
10 rations = 1 decoration
100 rations = 1 C-ration
2 monograms = 1 diagram
4 nickels = 2 paradigms
2.4 statute miles of intravenous surgical tubing at Yale University Hospital = 1 IV League
100 Senators = Not 1 decision

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Ecuador Volcano, (Thomas McGuire, earth science educator), The Pacific Ocean is surrounded by zones of volcanic activity; the ring of fire. The Andes of Ecuador have many active volcanoes including Tungurahua. Active since 1999, it has spewed ash onto the nearby town of Baños. The clouds of ash were rising in pulses every few minutes. (September 2007)


“Earth Science Sites of the Week” dating back to 1999 are now available and can be searched by keyword. To access past archives go to the “Earth Science Site of the Week Archives” link half way down the page at Another way to access sites is to consult

at . Over 1200 reviewed links are organized around the sequence of topics typically taught in an introductory earth science or physical geography class. Links are also available for environmental science, earth science/geography education, career opportunities, and more. The sites selected are based on image quality, ease with which lesson plans can be developed, organization, authenticity, scope, and format. Please contact me at to remove yourself from the mailing list, add a new subscriber, or suggest a site to be listed.
Mark Francek

Professor of Geography

Dow 285

Central Michigan University

Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859

E-Mail: <>

Phone: (989) 774 7617

Fax: (989) 774-2907

Resource Page: