GEOGRAPHERS ON FILM (GOF) Thematic Presentations

GOF thematic presentations are created by electronically splicing segments of individual GOF interviews into productions following a specific theme. Descriptions of the content and participants of each follow the Listing of Thematic Presentations and Introduction to GOF.


INTRODUCTION

Listing of Twelve Thematic Presentations

1. MR. SAUER: Mentor and Disciples (1989).

2. THE QR: Reflections (1971-1988) about the Quantitative Revolution in American Geography (1989).

3. WOMEN GEOGRAPHERS ON FILM I - A Retrospective: Survival in the Male-dominated Academe (1991).

4. WOMEN GEOGRAPHERS ON FILM II, Retrospective (WGOF I) Plus Commentary (1991).

5. HARVARD IN THE 40S: Recollections of the Demise (1993).

6. 25 YEARS OF GEOGRAPHERS ON FILM: A Silver Anniversary Sampler (1994).

7. DIFFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC EDUCATION (K-PhD) I (1997).

8. EARLY 20th CENTURY HARVARD GEOGRAPHERS (1997).

9. WALLACE W. ATWOOD: CLARK MONADNOCK OF THE 1920s (1997).

10. DIFFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC EDUCATION, (K-PhD) II, I (1997) Plus Commentary (1998).

11. BERKELEY STUDENTS: 1932-1950 (1999).

12. BERKELEY FACULTY: 1950-1999 (1999).


                               Introduction

          GEOGRAPHERS ON FILM, (GOF) numbers 278 film and videotape
        interviews (137 hours) of the personal reflections of geographers.
        Participants speak for the record that samples of the geographical
        experience are maintained on video and transcription for  
        eventual deposition with the Association of American Geographers
        Archives at the Golda Meier Library at the University of
        Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Copies of the earlier videos have been
        transferred to Milwaukee.
      
          Counterpart to the individual interviews (varying from ten to eighty
        minutes each), GOF has produced 219 Additional Holdings 
        (113 hours) featuring distinctive themes of longer duration.

          Since 1970 GOF has been produced in five different mediums. On-going
        equipment upgrades explain the progression in the quality of this
        archival resource. More recent productions have been enhanced via
        improved camera technology. The complete 250 hours of GOF has
        been converted to the readily accessible VHS format.
   

MR. SAUER: Mentor and Disciples (1989) ----------------------------------------------------------------- Tape Interview Position Interviewee Interviewer Date (Min/Sec) 1. Carl O. Sauer Preston E. James 1970 3.20 (1889-1975) (1899-1986) 2. George B. Carter Preston E. James 1970 11.53 (1912- ) (1899-1986) 3. John B. Leighly Preston E. James 1970 13.34 (1895-1986) (1899-1986) 4. Henry J. Bruman 1985 15.19 (1913- ) 5. Samuel N. Dicken 1978 26.02 (1901-1989) 6. Andrew H. Clark John Fraser Hart 1971 28.30 (1911-1975) (1924- ) 7. Fred B. Kniffen William Haag 1976 32.50 (1900-1993) 8. James J. Parsons Preston E. James 1973 33.19 (1915- ) (1899-1986) 9. Leslie Hewes 1973 34.17 (1906- ) 10. Joseph E. Spencer M. W. Dow 1970 34.21 (1907-1984) (1929- ) 11. Wilbur Zelinsky 1984 35.22 (1921- ) 12. Carl O. Sauer Preston E. James 1970 38.55 (1889-1975) (1899-1986) 13. Homer Aschmann 1981 45.31 (1920-1992) 14. Marvin W. Mikesell 1984 46.45 (1930- ) 15. William M. Denevan 1988 55.08(c) (1931- ) 16. Clarissa T. Kimber 1986 55.18(c) (1929- ) 17. Marvin W. Mikesell 1984 56.25 (1930- ) 18. Carl O. Sauer Preston E. James 1970 59.26 (1889-1975) (1899-1986) ending......60.44 color (c)
THE QR: Reflections (1971-1988) about the Quantitative Revolution in American Geography (1989) ------------------------------------------------------------------ Interview Position Interviewee Interviewer Date (Min/Sec) 1. Harold H. McCarty M. W. Dow 1971 3.08 (1901-1987 (1929- ) 2. Richard Hartshorne M. W. Dow 1986 10.12(c) (1899- ) (1929- ) 3. Clyde F. Kohn John Fraser Hart 1971 14.23 (1911-1989) (1924- ) 4. Richard Hartshorne M. W. Dow 1986 15.39(c) (1899- ) (1929- ) 5. William W. Bunge Donald G. Janelle 1976 20.52 (1928- ) (1940- ) 6. Ross Mackay 1987 22.48(c) (1915- ) 7. Duane F. Marble 1988 23.22(c) (1931- ) 8. G. Donald Hudson John Fraser Hart 1971 23.49 (1897-1989) (1924- ) 9. William Garrison M. W. Dow 1972 26.17 (1924- ) (1929- ) 10. Edward L. Ullman Preston E. James 1972 28.07 (1912-1976) (1899-1986) 11. Brian J. Berry John Fraser Hart 1971 33.09 (1934- ) (1924- ) 12. Richard Morrill John Fraser Hart 1971 40.09 (1934- ) (1924- ) 13. Richard Morrill M. W. Dow 1986 40.37(c) (1934- ) (1929- ) 14. Edward J. Taaffe John Fraser Hart 1971 46.45 (1921- ) (1924- ) 15. Duane F. Marble John N. Rayner 1988 49.17(c) (1931- ) (1936- ) 16. William W. Bunge Donald G. Janelle 1976 53.21 (1928- ) (1940- ) 17. Richard Morrill 1986 55.15(c) (1934- ) 18. Richard Hartshorne 1986 56.18(c) (1899- ) ending.....59.19 (c) = color video
WOMEN GEOGRAPHERS ON FILM I - A RETROSPECTIVE: SURVIVAL IN THE MALE-DOMINATED ACADEME (1991) ---------------------------------------------------------------- Interviewee Interviewer Date (Min/Sec) 1. Alice T. M. Rechlin M. W. Dow 1988 1.47 (1932- ) (1929- ) National Geographic Society 2. Clarissa T. Kimber 1986 2.43 (1929- ) Texas A&M University 3. Mildred Berman M. W. Dow 1989 3.13 (1926- ) (1929- ) Salem State College 4. Clarissa T. Kimber 1986 4.07 (1929- ) 5. Alice T. M. Rechlin M. W. Dow 1988 4.22 (1932- ) (1929- ) 6. Susan Hanson 1990 5.04 (1943- ) Clark University 7. Mildred Berman M. W. Dow 1989 6.30 (1926- ) (1929- ) 8. Barbara Borowiecki Janice S. Monk 1986 7.02 (1926- ) (1937- ) University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee 9. Mildred Berman M. W. Dow 1989 9.03 (1926- ) (1929- ) 10. Clarissa T. Kimber M. W. Dow 1986 11.21 (1929- ) 11. Janice S. Monk 1988 13.25 (1937- ) University of Arizona 12. Alice T. M. Rechlin 1988 13.45 (1932- ) 13. Barbara Borowiecki Janice S. Monk 1986 14.33 (1926- ) (1937- ) 14. Alice T. M. Rechlin M. W. Dow 1988 18.47 (1932- ) (1929- ) 15. Susan Hanson Mildred Berman 1989 21.47 (1943- ) (1926- ) 16. Clarissa T. Kimber 1986 23.54 (1929- ) 17. Alice T. M. Rechlin 1988 24.26 (1932- ) 18. Janice S. Monk Alice T. M. Rechlin 1988 24.52 (1937- ) (1932- ) 19. Mildred Berman M. W. Dow 1989 26.07 (1926- ) (1929- ) ending.....28.32
WOMEN GEOGRAPHERS ON FILM II: RETROSPECTIVE (WGOF I) PLUS COMMENTARY (1991) At the conclusion of the first showing of WGOF I at the annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers (Miami, April 16,1991) six additional women responded and were video-taped for the series. --------------------------------------------------------------------- Interviewee Interviewer Date (Min/Sec) 1. Alice T. M. Rechlin M. W. Dow 1988 1.47 (1932- ) (1929- ) National Geographic Society 2. Clarissa T. Kimber 1986 2.43 (1929- ) Texas A&M University 3. Mildred Berman M. W. Dow 1989 3.13 (1926- ) (1929- ) Salem State College 4. Clarissa T. Kimber 1986 4.07 (1929- ) 5. Alice T. M. Rechlin M. W. Dow 1988 4.22 (1932- ) (1929- ) 6. Susan Hanson 1990 5.04 (1943- ) Clark University 7. Mildred Berman M. W. Dow 1989 6.30 (1926- ) (1929- ) 8. Barbara Borowiecki Janice S. Monk 1986 7.02 (1926- ) (1937- ) University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee 9. Mildred Berman M. W. Dow 1989 9.03 (1926- ) (1929- ) 10. Clarissa T. Kimber M. W. Dow 1986 11.21 (1929- ) 11. Janice S. Monk 1988 13.25 (1937- ) University of Arizona 12. Alice T. M. Rechlin 1988 13.45 (1932- ) National Geographic Society 13. Barbara Borowiecki Janice S. Monk 1986 14.33 (1926- ) (1937- ) University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee 14. Alice T. M. Rechlin M. W. Dow 1988 18.47 (1932- ) (1929- ) National Geographic Society 15. Susan Hanson Mildred Berman 1989 21.47 (1943- ) (1926- ) Clark University 16. Clarissa T. Kimber 1986 23.54 (1929- ) Texas A&M University 17. Alice T. M. Rechlin 1988 24.26 (1932- ) 18. Janice S. Monk Alice T. M. Rechlin 1988 24.52 (1937- ) (1932- ) 19. Mildred Berman M. W. Dow 1989 26.07 (1926- ) (1929- ) 20. Jeanne Kay 1991 28.46 (1949- ) University of Nebraska 21. Alice C. Andrews 1991 32.56 (1928- ) George Mason University 22. Hilary Lambert Renwick 1991 37.42 (1952- ) American Geographical Society 23. Sarah E. Zapolsky 1991 43.49 (1966- ) Chronometrics, Inc. 24. Mariie Zimmerman 1991 48.26 (1968- ) Macalester 25. Alice C. Andrews 1991 50.17 (1928- ) 26. Sarah E. Zapolsky 1991 51.02 (1966- ) 27. Jeanne Kay 1991 52.09 (1949- ) 28. Sharon Thomas 1991 56.09 (1945) North Adams State College 29. Hilary Lambert Renwick 1991 56.32 (1952- ) ending.....57.46
HARVARD IN THE 40S: RECOLLECTIONS OF THE DEMISE (1993) ------------------------------------------------------ Tape Interview Position Interviewee Interviewer Date (Min/Sec) 1. Peter Nash M. W. Dow 1977 0.00 (1921- ) (1929- ) 2. Saul B. Cohen Howard F. Hirt 1977 3.20 (1925- ) (1924-1987) 3. J. Rowland Illick M. W. Dow 1985 5.23 (c) (1919- ) (1929- ) 4. George K. Lewis M. W. Dow 1985 19.12 (c) (1913- ) (1929- ) 5. John P. Augelli M. W. Dow 1988 32.05 (c) (1921- ) (1929- ) ending....37.32 c = color
25 YEARS OF GEOGRAPHERS ON FILM: A Silver Anniversary Sampler (1994) 1994 signalized the 25th Anniversary of producing Geographers on Film --------------------------------------------------------------------- Interviewee Interviewer Year Location Min/Sec Carl O. Sauer Preston E. James 1970 Berkeley 0:00 (1889-1975) (1899-1986) (1:45) John B. Leighly Preston E. James 1970 San Francisco 1:45 (1895-1986) (1899-1986) (1:26) Jan O. M. Broek Preston E. James 1970 San Francisco 3:11 (1904-1974) (1899-1986) (0:37) Hallock Raup John Fraser Hart 1973 Atlanta 3:48 (1901-1985) (1924- ) (0:42) J. E. Spencer 1970 Colo. Springs 4:30 (1907-1984) (1:26) Fred B. Kniffen 1976 Baton Rouge 5:56 (1900-1993) (0:47) Clyde F. Kohn John Fraser Hart 1971 Boston 6:43 (1911-1989) (1924- ) (0:48) Richard Hartshorne 1979 Lincoln 7:31 (1899-1992) (1:10) Geoffrey J. Martin 1979 Lincoln 8:41 (1934- ) (0:40) Preston E. James 1979 Lincoln 9:21 (1899-1986) (1:57) F. Webster McBryde M. W. Dow 1979 Philadelphia 11:18 (1908-1995) (1929- ) (1:21) Fred Lukermann 1971 Colorado Springs 12:39 (1921- ) (1:01) Marvin W. Mikesell John Fraser Hart 1971 Boston 13:40 (1929- ) (1924- ) (1:32) Melvin G. Marcus 1976 New York 15:12 (1929-1997) (0:21) Hildegard B. Johnson 1976 New York 15:33 (1908-1993) (1:40) Richard Hartshorne M. W. Dow 1986 c Minneapolis 17:13 (1899-1992) (1929- ) (1:54) Arthur H. Robinson M. W. Dow 1984 c Washington DC 19:07 (1915- ) (1929- ) (1:25) David G. Basile M. W. Dow 1984 c Washington DC 20:32 (1914- ) (1929- ) (1:29) Edward B. Espenshade Preston E. James 1972 Kansas City 22:01 (1910- ) (1899-1986) (1:21) Edward B. Espenshade 1993 c Atlanta 23:22 (1910- ) (1:24) Wilbur Zelinsky M. W. Dow 1984 c Washington DC 24:46 (1921- ) (1929- ) (1:05) Gilbert F. White 1984 c Washington DC 25:51 (1911- ) (1:50) Chauncy D. Harris M. W. Dow 1986 c Minneapolis 27:41 (1914- ) (1929- ) (1:09) Edward L. Ullman Preston E. James 1972 Kansas City 28:50 (1912-1976) (1899-1986) (1:28) Homer Aschmann John Fraser Hart 1981 Los Angeles 30:18 (1920-1992) (1924- ) (0:54) Jean Gottmann M. W. Dow 1982 c Oxford 31:12 (1915-1994) (1929- ) (1:31) Richard J. Chorley M. W. Dow 1982 c Cambridge 32:43 (1927- ) (1929- ) (1:58) T. W. Freeman Robert P. Beckinsale 1982 c Oxford 34:41 (1908-1988) (1902- ) (1:39) c = color Total 36:20
DIFFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC EDUCATION (K-PhD) I (1997) ----------------------------------------------------------------- Interviewee Interviewer Date (Min/Sec) 1. Clyde Kohn John Fraser Hart 1971 0.09 m (1911-1989) (1924- ) (3.36) 2. Nicholas Helburn 1972 3.46 m (1918- ) (0.29) 3. William Pattison M. W. Dow 1975 4.16 m (1921-1997) (1929- ) (0.50) 4. David Hill 1973 5.07 m (1933- ) (0.48) 5. Harm de Blij 1976 5.56 m (1935- ) (1.18) 6. Anthony de Souza M. W. Dow 1993 7.22 c (1943- ) (1929- ) (1.26) 7. Roger Downs 1993 8.49 c (1944- ) (1.30) 8. C. L. Salter 1987 10.20 c (1938- ) (3.51) 9. James Marran 1996 14.12 c (1930- ) (0.43) 10. Richard Boehm 1994 14.56 c (1937- ) (1.38) 11. C. L. Salter 1987 16.35 c (1938- ) (2.40) 12. Gilbert Grosvenor 1987 19.16 c (1931- ) (2.31) 13. David Hill 1995 21.48 c (1933- ) (1.28) 14. Richard Boehm 1994 23.17 c (1937- ) (0.19) 15. Sarah Bednarz M. W. Dow 1996 23.37 c (1951- ) (1929- ) (2.55) 16. David Lanegran 1995 26.33 c (1941- ) (1.28) 17. David Hill Joseph Stoltman 1995 28.02 c (1933- ) (1940- ) (1.52) 18. Robert Morrill 1995 29.55 c (1939- ) (0.34) 19. Sarah Bednarz M. W. Dow 1996 30.30 c (1951- ) (1929- ) (4.07) 20. James Marran 1996 34.38 c (1930- ) (0.58) 21. Ruth Shirey 1996 35.37 c (1942- ) (1.04) 22. Richard Boehm 1994 36.42 c (1937- ) (0.29) 23. Robert Morrill 1995 37.12 c (1939- ) (0.36) ending 37.48 [m = monochrome, c = color]
EARLY 20th CENTURY HARVARD GEOGRAPHERS (1997) ------------------------------------------------------ Memories of Preston E. James (1981), Commentary: Geoffrey J. Martin. Principals include: William Morris Davis, Ellsworth Huntington, Albert Perry Brigham, Wallace W. Atwood, Robert deC. Ward; vignettes on Derwent Whittlesey, Harold Kemp, Alexander Hamilton Rice and Isaiah Bowman. (21 minutes)
WALLACE W. ATWOOD: CLARK MONADNOCK OF THE 1920s (1997) ----------------------------------------------------- Memories of Preston E. James (1981). Specific reference to Ellen Churchill Semple, G. S. Hall, and Scott Nearing. (10 minutes)
DIFFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC EDUCATION (K-PhD) II, I (1997) PLUS COMMENTARY ----------------------------------------------------------------- Interviewee Interviewer Date (Min/Sec) 1. Salvatore Natoli 1998 0.13 c (1929- ) (1.40) 2. Clyde Kohn John Fraser Hart 1971 1.53 m (1911-1989) (1924- ) (3.36) 3. Nicholas Helburn 1972 5.29 m (1919- ) (0.29) 4. William Pattison M. W. Dow 1975 5.58 m (1921-1997) (1929- ) (0.50) 5. David Hill 1973 6.48 m (1933- ) (0.48) 6. Harm de Blij 1976 7.36 m (1935- ) (1.18) 7. Anthony de Souza M. W. Dow 1993 8.54 c (1943- ) (1929- ) (1.26) 8. Roger Downs 1993 10.20 c (1944- ) (1.30) 9. C. L. Salter 1987 11.50 c (1938- ) (3.51) 10. James Marran 1996 15.41 c (1930- ) (0.43) 11. Richard Boehm 1994 16.24 c (1937- ) (1.38) 12. C. L. Salter 1987 18.02 c (1938- ) (2.40) 13. Gilbert Grosvenor 1987 20.42 c (1931- ) (2.31) 14. David Hill 1995 23.13 c (1933- ) (1.28) 15. Richard Boehm 1994 24.41 c (1937- ) (0.19) 16. Sarah Bednarz M. W. Dow 1996 25.00 c (1951- ) (1929- ) (2.55) 17. David Lanegran 1995 27.55 c (1941- ) (1.28) 18. David Hill Joseph Stoltman 1995 29.23 c (1933- ) (1940- ) (1.52) 19. Robert Morrill 1995 31.15 c (1939- ) (0.34) 20. Sarah Bednarz M. W. Dow 1996 31.49 c (1951- ) (1929- ) (4.07) 21. James Marran 1996 35.56 c (1930- ) (0.58) 22. Ruth Shirey 1996 36.54 c (1942- ) (1.04) 23. Richard Boehm 1994 37.58 c (1937- ) (0.29) 24. Robert Morrill 1995 38.27 c (1939- ) (0.36) -- Discussion at Indianapolis NCGE Meeting (10/14/98) follows: -- 25. Salvatore Natoli 1998 39.03 c (1929- ) (11.00) 26. Osa Brand 1998 50.03 c (1942- ) (1.39) 27. Joseph Stoltman 1998 51.42 c (1940- ) (2.19) 28. James Petersen 1998 54.01 c (1946- ) (3.39) 29. Salvatore Natoli 1998 57.40 c (1929- ) (0.24) 30. Burton Witthuhn 1998 58.04 c (1934- ) (5.46) 31. Salvatore Natoli 1998 63.50 c (1929- ) (2.11) 32. Osa Brand 1998 66.01 c (1942- ) (3.11) 33. Burton Witthuhn 1998 69.12 c (1934- ) (0.30) 34. Osa Brand 1998 69.42 c (1942- ) (1.04) 35. James Petersen 1998 70.46 c (1946- ) (1.28) 36. Christopher Haig 1998 72.14 c (1949- ) (1.02) 37. Salvatore Natoli 1998 73.16 c (1929- ) (4.32) 38. James Petersen 1998 77.48 c (1946- ) (1.50) 39. Pamela Rick (?) 1998 79.38 c (1972?- ) (2.59) 40. Salvatore Natoli 1998 82.37 c (1929- ) (2.54) ending.........85.31 [ m = monochrome, c = color]
BERKELEY STUDENTS: 1932-1950 (1999) ----------------------------------------------------------------- Interview Interviewee Interviewer Date PhD Yr Running Time (min)00.00(sec) ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. Jan O. M. Broek Preston E. James 1970 c.1932:Visitor 00.16 (1904-1974) (1899-1986) 2. Hallock F. Raup John Fraser Hart 1973 1935 9.36 (1901-1985) (1924- ) 3. Joseph E. Spencer M. W. Dow 1970 1936 19.19 (1907-1984) (1929- ) 4. Karl J. Pelzer Preston E. James 1976 1935-36:TA 39.21 (1909-1980) (1899-1986) 5. Leslie Hewes Preston E. James 1973 1940 50.34 (1906-1999) (1899-1986) 6. Webster McBryde M. W. Dow 1979 1940 60.31 (1908-1995) (1929- ) 7 George Carter Preston E. James 1970 1942 74.32 (1912- ) (1899-1986) 8. Andrew H. Clark John Fraser Hart 1971 1944 83.17 (1911-1975) (1924- ) 9. Robert C. West H. J. Walker 1973 1946 94.17 (1913 -) (1921- ) 10. James J. Parsons Preston E. James 1973 1948 102.17 (1915-1997) (1899-1986) 11. Edward T. Price Preston E. James 1973 1950 112.01 (1915- ) (1899-1986) ending..122.40 (f) = faculty, also ------------------------------------------------------------------ CAVEAT: During the early days of Geographers on Film (GOF) the interviews were produced in 16mm film. Though most were of reasonably good quality in some cases they were not up to professional standards in the non-studio environment of annual meetings. Such conditions explain the variations in audio and video characteristics of the earlier interviews. Over the last thirty years there has been a continual effort to improve quality as GOF evolved through five different mediums. CONVERSION TO VHS: When early videos began to deteriorate, GOF was faced with the difficlt task of transferring them to another medium before they became non-functional. At best, proper VHS transfer and editing is difficult as unstable signals yield products of varying visual and audio quality. Finally, transformation from one medium to other mediums diminishes audio and visual performance - referred to in the television industry as generational loss. These Berkeley videos represent four generational losses. IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS FOR VIEWING: When viewing monochrome videos back off on color to see them in the origianl production medium. KEY FOR SELECTED ESPECIALLY TECHNICALLY SUBSTANDARD GOF ARCHIVAL VIDEOS: See CONVERSION TO VHS comments above for explanation of substandard. Spencer (1970), Hewes (1973) = B; McBryde (1979) = J; Raup (1973) = W Key: B = blurred, fuzzy, picture; J = jiggling frame; W = wobbly, flopping frame
BERKELEY FACULTY: 1952-1999 (1999) ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Interview Interviewee Interviewer Date PhD Yr Running Time (min)00.00(sec) ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. Clarence Glacken David J. M. Hooson 1980 AB'30,MA'31 00.11 (1909-1989) (1926- ) 2. Daniel B. Luten Geoffrey J. Martin 1981 PhD'1933 21.10 (1908- ) (1934- ) 3. James E. Vance Geoffrey J. Martin 1981 31.49 (1925-1999) (1934- ) 4. James E. Vance 1989 Panelist:1 41.27 (1925-1999) 5. David Hooson Geoffrey J. Martin 1980 52.22 (1926- ) (1934- ) 6. Allan R. Pred Geoffrey J. Martin 1980 62.51 (1936- ) (1934- ) 7. Risa I. Palm Louis Seig 1974 73.22 (1942- ) (1931- ) 8. Risa I. Palm 1996 Panelist:2 82.49 (1942- ) 9. Peter Hall M. W. Dow 1982 90.17 (1932- ) (1929- ) 10. David Stoddart William Warntz 1979 100.50 (1937- ) (1922-1988) 11. David Stoddart 1989 Homage to 110.52 (1937- ) Hartshorne:3 ending..121.55 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. Origin and Evolution of Urban Geography in its Formative Years, Baltimore, 1989 2. Beyond the Glass Ceiling: Opportunity or Cliche'? Thoughts From The Woman Presidents of the AAG, Charlotte, 1996. 3. 50th Anniversary of the Publication of The Nature of Geography, Baltimore, 1989. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------- CAVEAT: During the early days of Geographers on Film (GOF) the interviews were produced in 16mm film. Though most were of reasonably good quality in some cases they were not up to professional standards in the non-studio environment of annual meetings. Such conditions explain the variations in the video characteristics of the earlier interviews. Over the last thirty years there has been a continual effort to improve quality as GOF evolved through five different mediums. CONVERSION TO VHS: When early videos began to deteriorate, GOF was faced with the difficlt task of transferring them to another medium before they became non-functional. At best, proper VHS transfer and editing is difficult as unstable signals yield products of varying visual and audio quality. Finally, transformation from one medium to other mediums diminishes audio and visual performance - referred to in the television industry as generational loss. These Berkeley videos represent four generational losses. IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS FOR VIEWING: When viewing monochrome videos back off on color to see them in the origianl production medium. KEY FOR SELECTED ESPECIALLY TECHNICALLY SUBSTANDARD GOF ARCHIVAL VIDEOS: See CONVERSION TO VHS comments above for explanation of substandard. Stoddart (1979) = B; Key: B = blurred, fuzzy, picture -------------------------------------------------------------------